Whether you live in an apartment, or a castle, this regal little dog will reign supreme! Popular during the reign of King Charles II (17th Century England), this adorable Spaniel breed was recreated by British breeders during the 1930’s and 40’s and have since found their way into the hearts and homes of dog lovers world-wide. These small, loveable dogs are fairly low-maintenance. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very intelligent little dogs, and love children. They fit in well into most living situations, and thrive on human attention and companionship. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels also get along very well with other dogs, cats and family pets. They do require daily brushing to keep their long, silky coats tangle-free, but are content with one or two short walks or play periods each day. Cavaliers are a great choice for families, singles, elderly or disabled dog-lovers, and people who live in the city!
Country of Origin:
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Breed History:
Once the favorite breed of King Charles II of England, the small sporting spaniel was first dubbed the King Charles Spaniel. Then oriental breeds came into fashion and breeders began crossbreeding the spaniels to achieve a more snub-nosed, round-headed look. In 1926, a wealthy American visited England in search of the small spaniels so often seen in portraits of King Charles. But there were none. So he offered monetary prizes to be awarded at the famed Crufts Dog Show for the male and female most closely resembling the original King Charles Spaniel. British breeders rose to the occasion and by 1945, the recreated breed had arrived. To avoid confusion with the now-snub-nosed King Charles Spaniels, the breed was named the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel since Charles was known as the Cavalier King.
The Cavalier breed was developed by selective breeding of long-snouted King Charles Spaniels (also known as English Toy Spaniels). The development of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was partly due to a desire to produce a long-nosed toy spaniel, as are seen in the paintings of the great masters. Long-snouted toy spaniels no longer existed at the beginning of the 20th century, due to crosses between long-snouted toy spaniels and short-snouted breeds such as the Pug or Japanese Chin in the 18th-19th century.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Breed Description:
Height/Weight: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel stands 12-13 in (30-33 cm) in height and weighs approximately 12-18 lb (5.5-8 kg).
Coat: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel coat is long, silky and may have a slight wave. To add to its endearing appearance, the Cavalier carries feathering on the ears, legs, feet and tail.
Color: Four color variations are found in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed. Blenheim is a pearly white background with bright-red-chestnut markings. The tri-colour has jet-black markings on a white background with tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, inside the ears, legs and under the tail. Ruby is a whole-coloured rich red. Black-and-tan is jet black with tan markings.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Breed Temperament:
The breed is highly affectionate, and some have called the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel ‘the ultimate lap dog’. Gentle and affectionate with a happy, sporting and fearless nature, the Cavalier is known as a wonderful companion. Indeed the breed was known as the “Comforter” or the “Spaniel Gentle” in the early days of its history. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels require a great deal of human companionship, and do not do well if left alone for long periods of time. Cavaliers, when properly trained, have wonderful manners, and many are welcomed in the workplace.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Breed Exercise Requirements:
Though playful and alert, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a born lapdog whose exercise requirements are easily satisfied. It is relatively quiet and calm-natured.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Breed Grooming Requirements:
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a silky coat that requires only brushing to keep it neat. No trimming is needed.
Other Names for the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel:
Cavalier, Cavalier Spaniel, Cavie, Cavy
Common Misspellings for Cavalier King Charles Spaniel:
Cavaleir King Charles Spaniel, Cavaleir Dog
Life Expectancy: 9 to 14 years
Good with Children: Yes
Dog Breed Group: Companion Dogs
Size Group: Small